Persian cats are long-haired beautiful cats. Many pet owners favor their refined, almost designer styled appearance. Cat fancier’s also love the calm personality of the Persian cat. According to the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA), in 2015 the Persian cat breed ranked as the 2nd most popular breed in in the United States.
It’s worth noting that the Persian cat was 2nd only to the Exotic – which is a breed that was created by crossing a domestic short hair repeatedly with a Persian cat. Hence, eventually, domestic short-hairs BECAME exotic because of the Persian in them.
Persian cats have a distinctive appearance: a large, round head; large, round eyes; a short nose; full cheeks; and small ears with rounded tips. The head is supported by a short, thick neck and a deceptively sturdy, muscular body. A Persian cat’s legs are short, thick and strong with large, round, firm paws. They possess a fluffy tail which is proportional to the length of the cat’s body.
Persian cats have 2 different facial “looks” and many colors. The selective breeding process carried out by breeders has allowed the development of a wide variety of coat colors. It has also led to the creation of increasingly flat faced Persians. This appearance and head structure is favored by many cat fanciers. There are continuing efforts by some breeders to preserve the older type of cat, the traditional breed, having a more pronounced muzzle. This appearance is more popular with the general public. These are called “Doll-face” Persians.
Nature and Environment
Persian cats are dignified and docile – known for being quiet and sweet. They are a beautiful addition of decor to any home. Persians are affectionate but discriminating. They reserve their attention for family members and those few guests whom they feel they can trust.
Persian cats are sedate cats who prefer a serene home where little changes from day to day. Additionally, they are more content when they are not in a loud environment.
Persians use their large, expressive eyes and a voice that can be described as soft, pleasant and musical Persian cats let their simple needs be known: regular meals, a little playtime with a catnip mouse or feather teaser, and lots of love, which they return tenfold. Persians are tremendously responsive and become a constant source of joy and delight to their owners. Their companionship is close and enduring.
Because Persian Cats’ legs are short, they are less likely to climb excessive heights. Getting them their own furniture and toys is helpful to them. When you are at work or are busy around the house, the Persian is content to adorn a chair, sofa or bed until you are free to admire them and give them the attention they willingly receive but never demand.
Care and Grooming
The most important thing to understand about caring for a Persian cat is the need for daily grooming. That long, beautiful coat doesn’t stay clean and tangle-free on its own. It must be gently but thoroughly combed and brushed every day, and regular bathing—at least once a month—is a good idea. Clipping their nails regularly is also easy to do. Because of the flat face, some tearing can be a normal occurrence but not a problem. The simple solution is to wipe the corners of the eyes clean daily. This prevents under-eye stains from forming.
Litter boxes must be kept scrupulously clean; we recommend doing this daily. Persian cats often come while you are cleaning the box and watch and supervise. When you finish, they may go in side, sniff around, look at you, as if to say they approve, then leave.
Persian cats are not meant to live outside. They are exclusive indoor cats only. This keeps them safe from safe from transmission of disease and parasites, as well as the dangers of urban environments.
Persian cat breeders dedicate themselves to breeding healthy cats, availing themselves of the latest in veterinary screening procedures to test for any heritable disease conditions. A well-bred Persian is a hardy and healthy cat and is not more prone to illness or respiratory infections than other breeds. With regular annual veterinary care Persians can live 15-20 years.
Color Classes of Persian Cats
While the white Persian has long been the darling of photographers and advertisers, Persians come in an astonishing number of colors, which are divided into seven color divisions for purposes of competition.
In the Solid Division, only the pristine whites come in three different eye colors. Some have brilliant copper or deep blue eyes, others the surprising combination of one blue and one copper eye of equal intensity. The other solid colors have brilliant copper eyes.
The coat color for all solids should be sound to the roots and free from markings or shadings. Blues, once the apex of the breed, have been interbred with other colors to produce a more uniform type. Their pale silver-blue coats are most beautiful when viewed in natural lighting. Blacks have glossy patent finishes that glisten with intensity. Pale milk-colored creams are the dilute of the deep vibrant glowing reds. Chocolates and lilacs, introduced through the combination of Persian and Himalayan, are rarely seen. The chocolate demonstrates a warm chocolate-brown color while the lilac is a warm lavender with a pinkish tone.
Silver & Golden Division
The Silver and Golden Division consists of chinchilla and shaded silvers and goldens.
The exquisite silvers are considered the most ethereal of all Persians. The chinchilla is a sparkling white cat with black tipping scattered as evenly as stardust, ever so lightly, on the face, legs, tail and body. Shadeds show a mantle of black on the back, shading evenly down the sides. The tipping on the legs and face should match and is darker than the chinchilla. Goldens are either chinchilla or shaded. Their ground color is a rich, warm cream tipped with black. Silvers and goldens have green or blue-green eyes rimmed with black, black paw pads and brick red or rose nose leather.
Smoke & Shaded Division
The Shaded and Smoke Division includes the shell and shaded cameos which have red tipping with a white undercoat. The cream shell and shaded cameos demonstrate a white undercoat tipped with cream. The shell and shaded tortoiseshells have a mantle of black tipping with well-defined patches of red tipped hairs while the shell and shaded blue-creams have blue tipping with well-defined patches of cream tipped hair.
The smoke Persian is one of the most striking patterns of the Persian colors. There are six separate colors, black, blue, cream, cameo (red), smoke tortoiseshell and blue-cream smoke. In repose, the smoke appears to be a solid color cat. In motion, the coat will break open, giving glimpses of a startling white undercoat. All should have the characteristic white ruff and ear tufts. The perfect balance of undercoat to overcoat is transitory and the perfection of color balance can usually only be seen six to eight weeks annually. Their brilliant copper eyes seem almost like burning embers within the smoke setting.
The Tabbies are the extroverts of the Persian breed. They come in three patterns: classic, mackerel and patched tabby. The patched tabby may exhibit either the classic or mackerel pattern with the addition of patches of red. The classic tabby is identified by the bull’s eye markings on the side of the body while the mackerel pattern is characterized by narrow penciling encircling the body. The brilliantly contrasted markings can be as striking as an exotic jungle cat.
Often referred to as the “fun’’ cat, tabbies are outgoing and demonstrative. Their facial markings give them a zesty added appeal. Recognized colors are silver, blue silver, red, brown, blue, cream, cameo and cream cameo. There are no patched tabby patterns in red, cream and cameo. All have brilliant copper eyes except silver varieties which also may have green or hazel.
The Parti-Color Division consists of the tortoiseshell, blue-cream, chocolate tortoiseshell and lilac-cream.
The tortoiseshell is a black cat dispersed with great patches of red. A dividing blaze of color on the face adds interest to this brightly colored variety. The blue-cream, a delightful study in pastel, is a solid blue cat patched with cream. The muted coloring of the blue-cream and lilac-cream are as softly lovely as the tortoiseshell and chocolate tortie are flashy. All four colors have brilliant copper eyes.
The Calico & Bi-Color Division consists of calicos, bi-colors, smoke and whites and tabby and whites. Calicos have white coats splashed with vivid patches of red and black, while the dilute calico is patched with blue and cream. The chocolate and lilac calicos have white coats splashed with vivid patches of chocolate and red or lilac and cream respectively.
A van pattern is a white cat with color confined to the head and extremities. A maximum of two spots of color are allowed on the body. Bi-colors (black, blue, red, cream, chocolate or lilac with white) commonly exhibit white on the feet, legs, undersides, chest and muzzle. All established colors and patterns of tabbies with white and smokes with white are shown in this division. All have brilliant copper eyes except for the silver tabby with white which also may have green or hazel.
The Himalayan is one of the most popular of all Persians. The Himalayan is shown in the following point colors: chocolate, seal, lilac, blue, red, cream tortie, blue-cream, chocolate-tortie, lilac-cream, seal lynx, blue lynx, red lynx, cream lynx, tortie lynx, blue-cream lynx, chocolate lynx, lilac lynx, chocolate-tortie lynx and lilac-cream lynx. Color is restricted to the facial mask and extremities with the body of various shades of white to fawn.
Himalayans were developed by breeding Persians to Siamese to combine the Siamese point coloring with Persian type. After many years of cross breeding they were approved as accepted color variations of Persians. All must have deep vivid blue eyes as eyes other than blue are a disqualification.